UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization of United Nation gives special status to some selected monuments or places knowing their importance for universe and its coming generations. India is among the top countries based on number of UNESCO world heritage sites in India.

UNESCO has declared 35 World Heritage Sites in India. Recently UNESCO have added three remarkable heritage places like, Nalanda in Bihar, The Capital Building Complex designed by Le Corbusier in Chandigarh and the Khangchendonga National Park in Sikkim as World Heritage Sites in July 2016 convention.

Agra fort and historical caves of Ajanta were the first one from India to be added in the list. Twenty Seven sites out of these 35 sites are categorized as Cultural heritage. And other eight sites are categorized as Natural heritage sites.

This article below provide detailed information about all the UNESCO world heritage sites in India

World Heritage Sites in India by Region

  • All
  • Assam
  • Bihar
  • Delhi
  • Goa
  • Gujarat
  • Karnataka
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Orissa
  • Rajasthan
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Uttarakhand
  • West Bengal
  • Kerala
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Sikkim
  • Chandigarh

World Heritage Sites in India by Type

  • Cultural
  • Natural
  • Mixed

Kaziranga National Park

  • Name of NWH Site: Kaziranga National Park
  • State: Assam
  • Year of Notification: 1985
  • Area (In Km2): 429.96

Kaziranga National ParkKaziranga National Park is situated in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam. The national park is famous for the rhino populations, and according to the latest census conducted by the Forest Department of Assam, there are more than 2401 rhinos living in this forest area. If you recall the historical facts then you will get to know about the royal significance of this national park.

Once Mary Curzon, the wife of Lord Curzon visited in this place with her husband and she suddenly identified a rhino in this forest. She requested her husband to protect this place and to stop animal hunting in this national park. Afterward, Lord Curzon protected this place and declared this forest area as a reserved forest in 1916. The Kaziranga National Forest was enlisted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1985.

Along with some rhinos, you can also find some rare and migratory birds in Kaziranga National Park, like, Asian openbill stork, black bellied tern, delmatian pelican, greater spotted, eastern imperial and lots more. According to etymology, the Kaziranga name was derived from an incident, which happened in nearby villages.

Kazi was a boy and Ranga was a girl who lived in the nearby villages and they fell in love, but the society did not accept their gesture. Afterward, they disappeared in the forest area and never came out of this forest. So the forest was named as Kaziranga as a symbol of their love. So there are multiple myths surrounding this forest.

Further Reading about Kaziranga National Park

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Assam

  • Name of NWH Site: Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
  • State: Assam
  • Year of Notification: 1985
  • Area (In Km2): 391.00

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary AssamManas Wildlife Sanctuary Assam was added as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1985. This wildlife sanctuary is located on the Himalayan foothills and in this sanctuary, you can find the largest tiger reserve, elephant reserve and biosphere reservation projects in Assam.

This national park is extended toward Bhutan, and the part in Bhutan is known as the Royal Manas National Park. You can see some endangered animals including Assam roofed turtle, golden langur and pygmy hog in this park.

The name of this national park originated from Manas River which is a part of the Brahmaputra River. The Manas National Park was declared as a sanctuary in 1928 and in 1973, Manas Bio-Reserve was created inside the part premises.

You can find more than fifty five species of mammals in this park, including Indian elephants, gauers, golden langurs, slow loris, hoolock gibbons, sloth bears and barking bears. So now if you want to explore some rare species and mammals then you can visit the Manas National Park for your next vacation.

Further Reading about Manas National Park

Mahabodhi Temple Complex, Bodh Gaya in Bihar

  • Name of NWH Site: Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya
  • State: Bihar
  • Year of Notification: 2002

Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya Mahabodhi Vihar in Bodh Gaya, Bihar is literary known as “Great Awakening Temple” where Buddha attained his enlightenment. You can find some depictions of Avalokitesvara, Marichi, Jambhala, Yamantaka and Vajavarathi.

Along with that, you can also find some rare sculptures of Vishnum Shiva and Surya inside this temple. The famous Bodhi Tree is situated inside the temple complex where Buddha gained enlightenment.

According to popular Buddhist mythology, during 589 BCE, Siddhartha Gautama came to this place and he started meditation under a peepul tree, which is known as the Bodhi tree. After three days, he was enlightened, and afterward, he spent seven succeeding weeks in this forest area.

Later, during the 260 BCE, King Ashoka built this temple in this area. The Bodhi tree is a famous religious point in Bodh Gaya and it is directly connected with the Buddhist history.

According to their mythology no one can travel around the Bodhi tree in this world because this is a sign of the life, and this tree will spread the life to other natural elements of the world from this point.

Apart from this, you can also find a Musical Lake inside the temple complex, which is known as the Mucalinda.

After four weeks of meditation, Buddha found that the firmament was enveloped with dark clouds, and a heavy storm was approaching the earth. After one day, this lake was created automatically and Buddha found his human form after four days.

The temple is designed with brick artwork and this is the oldest brick art in the eastern region. UNESCO added Mahabodhi Temple Complex as World Heritage Site in June, 2002.

Check other details of Mahabodhi Temple on this Wiki Article

Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi

  • Name of NWH Site: Humayun’s Tomb
  • State: Delhi
  • Year of Notification: 1993

Humayun’s TombHumayun’s Tomb was dedicated to Humayun’s first wife and chief consort named Bega Begum. During 1569 to 1570 the famous Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas structured this tomb.

The tomb is located near Nizamuddin East and this was the first garden tomb in India. UNESCO added this site as World Heritage Site in the year 1993, and afterward, some extensive restoration works have been done on this tomb.

Here you can find the main Humayun’s Tomb at the center of the garden area. Inside this tomb, you can find several houses. Along with that, the graves of Bega Begum, Hamida Begum and Humayun’s grandson Dara Shikoh are also situated inside this tomb.

The tomb is designed with Mughal architecture and the surrounded garden areas follow the Persian garden styles.

You can find two large double story gateways to the west and southern side of the tomb, which are designed with several rooms and courtyards. The tomb is designed with rubble masonry and red sand stones, and you can find some great marble works on the floors.

The tomb is situated in Char Bagh Garden area and this Persian style garden has some long paved pathways and two central major water channels. This garden was known as Garden of Paradise, and the entire tomb area along with its garden are protected with high rubble walls.

Further reading about Humayun’s Tomb

QutubMinar, Delhi

  • Name of NWH Site: Qutb Minar and its Monuments
  • State: Delhi
  • Year of Notification: 1993

Qutb Minar and its MonumentsThe Qutub Minar complex was built to honor the Sufi saint Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki. The Minar was founded by Qutb-ud-din Aibak during the Mamluk dynasty.

Afterward, the construction of this Minar was done by several successors including Iltutmish and Firoz Shah Tughlaq. The QutbMinar is the tallest brick minaret in the world.

The height of the QutbMinar is 72.5 meter and you can find some balcony in inside this five storey minar.

The QutbMinar was built as victory tower to celebrate the success of Mohammed Ghori against the Rajput king Prithviraj Chauhan in 1192 AD.

After that, Qutb-ud-din Aibak added the first storey and the next three floors were added by his son-in-law Iltutmish. Afterward, in 1351, Firoz Shah Tughlaq extended some floors of this minar and constructed the distinctive multicolored looks designed with sand stones of the minar.

Here you can find the main gateway named Alai Darwaza at the southern part of the Quwwat-Ul-Islam Mosque. In 1311, Khilji Sultan of Delhi, Ala-id-din Khiljidesigned a court of pillars at the eastern side of the minar, and decorated the domed gateway with red sand stones.

You can also find Quwwat-Ul-Islam Mosque, Iron Pillar, Tomb of Iltutmish and Alai Minar and Ala-ud-din Khalji Tomb inside this minar complex. In 1993, UNESCO added this minar complex as a World Heritage Site.

Red fort complex, Delhi

  • Name of NWH Site: Red Fort Complex
  • State: Delhi
  • Year of Notification: 2007

Red Fort ComplexThe Red Fort is a historical fort situated in Delhi and it was the main residence of the Mughal emperors. The fort is located in central Delhi and it was constructed by Shah Jahan in 1639.

The fort is designed with red sand stones, and you can find some large pavilions connected with the water channels which are known as Stream of Paradise. You can find a perfect blend between Mughal and Persian architectures in this fort. On 12th May, 1639 Emperor Shah Jahan started building this fort when he decided to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi.

Ustad Ahmed Lahauri designed this fort,who also believed to have constructed the great Taj Mahal in India as per some historians. The fort is situated near Yamuna River and every year Prime Minister of India, hoist the Indian flag and deliver his speech for the nations from this Red Fort.

You can find several gates like Lahori Gate, Delhi Gate and Water Gate inside this fort premises and you can visit some historical places like Naubat Khana, Diwan-I-Aam, Nahr-i-Bishist, Mumtaz Mahal and Diwan-i-Khas in the nearby areas of this fort. UNESCO added this fort as Word Heritage site in the year 2007.

Churches and convents of Goa

  • Name of NWH Site: Churches and Convents of Goa
  • State: Goa
  • Year of Notification: 1986

Churches and Convents of GoaOld Goa or Velha Goa which is locally known as Konkani is a historical place in India. Bijapur Sultanate built this city during the 15th century.

Afterward, during the 16th century, this place served as the Portuguese capital in India. Old Goa is located ten kilometer east from the state capital Panaji and in 1986, UNESCO added some churches and convents of this city as World Heritage Sites.

You can find some memorable churches including Se Cathedral, the Church of St. Francis of Assisi, the Church of Caetano and the famous Basilica of Bom Jesus. The Archbishop of Goa seated in the Se Cathedral.

The relics of Saint Francis Xavier are placed inside the Basilica of Bom Jesus church, and every year great celebrations are conducted during 24th November to 3rd December. Goa has some notable connections with Roman Catholicism and here the Archbishop is known as the Patriarch of the East which means the main or major bishop of the Eastern Catholic Churches.

Apart from the scenic beauty and sea beaches, you can also find some colonial touch by exploring several churches and convents of Old Goa.

Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Gujarat

  • Name of NWH Site: Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park
  • State: Gujarat
  • Year of Notification: 2004

Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological ParkUNESCO added the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park in Gujarat as a World Heritage Site in 2004. The park is situated in the historical city of Champaner and you can find several forts situated on the hills in this place.

Inside this park, you can find some archeological and historical monuments such as chalcolithic sites along with some hill fortress. Apart from that, you can also see some historical gates, temples, residential complex, agricultural systems, arches, mosques and tombs inside this park.

The Kalika Mata Temple, which is located 800 metres above of Pavagadh hill, is a famous Hindu Shrine, and huge numbers of pilgrims visit this temple every year.

You can find eleven different types of buildings at Champaner including mosques, temples, tombs, wells, walls, terraces and granaries.

Apart from that, you can also explore some remarkable places like Helical stepped well, City Gate, Citadel walls, East and South Bhadra Gates, Khajuri Masjid near Wada Talao, Nagina Masjid, Sahar Ki Masjid,Lila Gum baz Ki Masjid, Bawaman Mosque and KamaniManjidin Champaner.

Apart from that, there are several gates situated including Arak gate, Budhiya gate, Moti gate, Sadanshah gate, BulandDarwaza, GulanBulan gate, Makai gate and Tarapore gate. This is one of the most remarkable historical places in India. Jami Mosque is the best attraction of this park and is well maintained though it is not an active mosque.

Our Tribal Tour of Gujarat includes visit to Champaner-Pavagadh

Group of Monuments in Hampi

  • Name of NWH Site: Group of Monuments in Hampi
  • State: Karnataka
  • Year of Notification: 1986

Group of Monuments in HampiAccording to Emperor Asoka’s Rock Edicts, the Hampi district was a part of the Maurya Empire and large numbers of Brahmi inscriptions along with some terracotta works have been founded in this place during the excavation conducted in 2nd century CE.

Hampi is was to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India in 1986. This place is situated in Karnataka State, India.

You can find some ruins of the city of Vijayanagara, which was the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. The monuments of Vijayanagara are divided into different parts such as rebellions, civil and military buildings. You can see the oldest Jain temple on Hemakuta hill where two Devi shrines are situated with other oldest structures.

Apart from that, in Hampi, you can also find some remarkable historical places like Achyutaraya Temple, BadaviLinga, Chandramauleshwara Temple, Malyavanta Raghunathaswamy Temple, Hazara Rama Temple, Jain Temple and Krishna Temple and Vittala Temple.

Inside the Krishna Temple, you can also find the famous sacred tank named Pushkaranion the eastern side.

Interested to visit Hampi ? Our South India Architectural Tour covers it all

Group of Monuments in Pattadakal

  • Name of NWH Site: Group of Monuments in Pattadakal
  • State: Karnataka
  • Year of Notification: 1987

Group of Monuments in PattadakalPattadakal is a famous historical place in India where you can find some of the oldest Hindu and Jain temples. This is a village situated in Karnataka and it is located near Malaprabha River in Bagalakote.

UNESCO added this place as World Heritage Site in the year 1987.

Jain Narayana temple is one of the oldest properties situated in Pattadakal and this temple was founded by the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta.

During 9th century, King Amoghavarsha and his son Krishna-II build some beautiful sculptures inside this temple. The temple is dedicated to Parshvanatha, which is the 23rdtirthankara of Jainism.

Apart from that, you can also see the grandest temple named Virupaksha temple in Pattadakal, and you can also find some oldest architectures and monuments like Sangameshwara Temple, Chandrashekhara Temple, Mallikarjuna Temple, KashiVishwanatha Temple, Galaganatha Temple, Kadasiddheshwara and Jambulingeshwara Temple, Jambulinga Temple and Papanatha Temple in Pattadakal. You will be mesmerized by viewing these remarkable historical places and monuments in your next vacation.

Buddhist Monuments in Sanchi

  • Name of NWH Site: Buddhist Monuments in Sanchi
  • State: Madhya Pradesh
  • Year of Notification: 1989

Buddhist Monuments in SanchiSanchi is popular for its Great Stupa situated on the hilltop of Sanchi Town in Raisen district. This is a Buddhist complex which is situated in Madhya Pradesh, India.

During the 3rd century BCE, the Great Emperor Ashoka built this great Sanchi Stupa and this is the oldest stone structure in India. Curved brick structure built over the Buddha and crowned by a Chatra are symbolize the peace, honor and shelter of the human beings.

Ashoka’s wife Devi was a daughter of a renowned merchant living in Sanchi, and Ashoka went there for his wedding. Afterward, Ashoka built this Stupa with bricks.There arelarge carved gateways of this Stupa during the 11th century.

You can find some pillars polished with some sandstone and the upper portions of the pillars are designed under the canopy. On these pillars you can find some oldest inscriptions which originated from the SankhaLipi of Gupta Period.

Apart from that, on Stupa One, you can also see some large numbers of Brahmi inscriptions. Here you can find several temples, statues and sculptures made with sandstone and historians found some valuable inscriptions and the oldest Buddhist temple no. seventeen in the Sanchi complex.

Those who want to explore the classical period of Buddhism, can visit this complex. UNESCO added this complex as a World Heritage Site in the year of 1989.

Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka

  • Name of NWH Site: Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka
  • State: Madhya Pradesh
  • Year of Notification: 2003

Rock Shelters of BhimbetkaRock Shelters of Bhimbetka, Madhya Pradesh was enlisted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year of 2003. This is an archeological site, which is infused with strong evidences of Indian Stone Age, and Rock Shelters is located in the Raisen District in Madhya Pradesh.

Here you can find some shelters which are 100,000 years old, and some of them like rock paintings in Bhimbetka rock shelters are more than 30,000 years old.

You can also see some geometrical figures in the shelters which were created during the medieval period. You can find some sculptures, paintings of bison, tigers and rhinoceroses which were created during the first period.

Along with that, you can also see some paintings on the stone walls where hunting scenes, human figures and animal figures were created with natural colors.

The depictions of colonialism, tribal dances, birds, mothers and child and musical instruments, dead animals and men and women which clearly describe different historical periods. If you want to know about the pre-historic lifestyles, then you must visit the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka once in your life.

Khajuraho Group of Monuments

  • Name of NWH Site: Khajuraho Group of Monuments
  • State: Madhya Pradesh
  • Year of Notification: 1986

Khajuraho Group of MonumentsThe Khajuraho group of monuments is located 175km away from Jhansi, and this is a part of Madhya Pradesh. Here you can find group of Hindu and Jain temples famous for Kamasutra figures – Kamasutra is an ancient Indian sexual text. These temples are famous for their nagara style architectural designs, symbolism and oldest sculptures.

Rulers of the Chandela dynasty built these temples between 950 to 1015 BCE, and according to the historical facts, there were total 85 temples constructed during 12th century and now only twenty-five temples are restored and still survive.

Most of the temples are situated near the water bodies which are locally known as Sib Sagar, KhajurSagar or Ninora Tal and KundarNadi.

According to historians, there were more than 64 water bodies situated in this area, but now they can hardly identify 56 water sources only. You can find some of the finest artwork on Khajuraho group of monuments like symbolism of human life, masculine men and feminine deities, and you can also find the illustrated version of Hinduism such as Dharma, Karma, Arthaand Moksha.

Six temples of this group are dedicated to Lord Shiva, his consorts, eight temples are dedicated to lord Vishnu, one for Ganesha, one for the Sun god, and three of them are Jain temples.

Each temple is designed according to some mangala style, where the human figures and deities are designed with square and circle shapes, and along with that, you can find more than million sculptures and carved statues on these temples.

Those who want to know the Hindu oldest cultures and sculptures they must visit the Khajuraho once. Khajuraho group of monuments added as UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1986.

Ajanta Caves, Near Aurangabad

  • Name of NWH Site: Ajanta Caves, Near Aurangabad
  • State: Maharashtra
  • Year of Notification: 1983

Ajanta Caves, Near AurangabadAjanta Caves in Aurangabad, Maharashtra were added as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year of 1983. You can find some ancient paintings and sculptures on these caves, which describe the oldest Indian art forms. Expressions of these paintings through different gestures, poses and forms are really expressive.

According to notable historians, these paintings and arts are the masterpieces of Buddhism, and through these art forms, people get to know about the oldest Indian art.

According to the historical facts, the first phases of the Ajanta Caves were built during 2nd century BC and the second phases of these caves were built during 400-650 CE.

You can find some ancient paintings on the caves, which describe the rebirth of Buddha, and you can also find some prayer and worship halls and monasteries inside the caves which show the different types of traditions of Buddhism.

According to old manuscripts, monks, pilgrims and merchants used to stay inside these caves during the monsoons. Caves no 1, 2, 16 and 17 are the most ancient Indian wall paintings. you can also find some mural wall paintings, which were painted with vivid natural colors.

You can also find the Ellora Caves in the nearby area, where you can see some Hindu and Jain ancient temples, wall arts, paintings and curved statutes. So explore the oldest Indian culture by visiting the Ajanta Caves and feel something about the ethereal architectural beauty of India, with joy.

Ellora Caves, Near Aurangabad

  • Name of NWH Site: Ellora Caves, Near Aurangabad
  • State: Maharashtra
  • Year of Notification: 1983

Ellora Caves, Near AurangabadEllora caves are the largest ancient rock cut monastery in the world and this site was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Ellora Caves are situated in Maharashtra, and you can find some ancient artwork on these caves, which describe oldest Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism culture.

The famous Kailasha Temple is situated inside the cave no-16 and this temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Inside the Kailasha Temple, you can find some of the finest artworks, which describe the Vaishnavism and Shaktism.

Ellora caves have more than hundred caves and now only 34 caves have been restored after excavation. In this group of caves, you can find 17 Hindu caves, 12 Buddhist caves and 5 Jain caves.

According to the historical facts, Ellora was an important trade center of the Deccan region and this was the major route of South Asia.

During that time, these cave monasteries were formed for the monks and also for providing rest halls for the pilgrims. You can find some of the oldest Buddhist caves and monasteries, which were created between the 5th and 8th centuries. Hindu caves, were built before this time.

The cave no. eleven and twelve known as Do Tal and Tin Tal and eleven out of twelve Buddhist caves are designed as viharas or monasteries.

You can find some multi story monasteries, which face the mountains and you, can also see some living quarters, kitchen, bedrooms and other rooms inside these monasteries.

So if you want to know about the great ancient Indian architecture then you must visit the Ellora caves once in your life.

Elephanta Caves, Mumbai

  • Name of NWH Site: Elephanta Caves, Mumbai
  • State: Maharashtra
  • Year of Notification: 1987

Elephanta Caves, MumbaiElephanta Caves are a chain of sculpted caves, whichare situated in the Elephanta Island in Maharashtra. This site is located on the arm of Arabian Sea and these caves are divided into two parts.

On the fist part, you can find some Hindu caves and on the second part, you can find two major Buddhist caves. These Hindu caves are basically designed with some ancient sculptures, and these caves are dedicated to Lord Shiva. These caves are made with solid basalt and these caves have been created between the 5th and 8th centuries.

The main cave, which is known as Great Cave was dedicated to Lord Shiva but after the Portuguese rule, this cave was severely affected. In 1970, the government started restoration work of this cave and in 1987, UNESCO declared this cave as a World Heritage Site to preserve the artwork of this famous cave.

Presently the Archaeological Survey of India maintains all of these caves. You can find a main chamber, two small chambers, courtyards and shrines inside the main Shiva cave, and on the eastern side of this island and you can find the famous Buddhist Stupa (a group of small Buddhist monuments).

ChhatrapatiShivaji Terminus (Victoria Terminus), Mumbai

  • Name of NWH Site: Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Victoria Terminus), Mumbai
  • State: Maharashtra
  • Year of Notification: 2004

Chhatrapati Shivaji TerminusChhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus is a historical railway station, which is situated in Mumbai, Maharashtra. This station is the main headquarter of Central railway and the station is designed with Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture. The station was made and designed by Frederick William Stevens. This is a piece of classical architecture which was built in 1887.

This is one of the biggest railway stations in India where long distance trains along with some Mumbai suburbs trains are connected and earlier this station was known as the Bori Bunder railway station or Victoria Terminus. In 1996, the name of this station changed to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus.

The station is designed according to Victorian styles, skyline pointed arches, tiles, and the students of Sir Jamsetjee Jeejebhoy School of Art did ornamental iron works, brass railings and grill, large staircases and balustrades of this station.

The station has 18 platforms and seven of them operate for suburb and local trains, and eleven of them are mainly operate for long distance trains. UNESCO added this station as World Heritage Site in 2004.

Sun Temple, Konarak

  • Name of NWH Site: Sun Temple, Konarak
  • State: Orissa
  • Year of Notification: 1984

Sun Temple, KonarakKing Narasimhadeva-I during 1255 CE, built the Konark Sun temple and this temple is situated in Odisha. You can find some gigantic chariot, carved statutes, stone wheels, pillars and stone crafted walls in this temple.

Now major parts of this temple are restored and UNESCO added this temple as World Heritage Site in 1984. Apart from that, this temple is also known as one of the Seven Wonder’s of India.

The temple was designed by Khondalite rocks and this temple was originally built near the Chandrabhaga River. The temple is dedicated to Sun God or Surya. You can find the giant ornamented chariot with twelve pairs of wheels which is pilled by set of seven horses inside this temple.

The temple is basically designed according to traditional Kalinga architectural styles, and the main gate of this temple is situated at the east side, so that the first ray of sun shall reflect on this main entrance. During the 18th century, the Arunastambha (pillars) was replaced with Singhadwara or Lion Gate.

Now you can find two large size lions standing at the main entrance of this temple. So on next vacation, you spend some times by exploring this temple and visit the nearest seashore of Konark.

Keoladeo Ghana National Park

  • Name of NWH Site: Keoladeo Ghana National Park
  • State: Rajasthan
  • Year of Notification: 1985
  • Area (In Km2): 28.73

Keoladeo Ghana National ParkKeoladeo Ghana National Park which is formally known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is situated in Bharatpur, Rajasthan. In 1971, the sanctuary was declared as a protected sanctuary, and here you can find more than 230 rare species of birds.

The park is a man made national park in India and this sanctuary basically protects the Bharatpur from any natural climatic disasters. Earlier this forest area wasa royal hunting ground and now this is a reserve area where you can find more than 366 types of birds including some floral species, fifty species of fish, snakes, lizards, amphibian species and some rare species of turtles.

This national park is known as bird’s paradise and the waterfowl of this place attracts birds that are more migratory during the winter season such as Siberian cranes. Apart from that, you can also find some vegetation.

Ghana is known as a dry place and this national park in Ghana, Rajasthan produce various types of vegetables and meet the local demands. Keoladeo National Park was added as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1985. Apart from the forts, royal heritage and desert, this National Park in Rajasthan can add some flavor in your trip.

Jantar Mantar, Jaipur

  • Name of NWH Site: Jantar Mantar
  • State: Rajasthan
  • Year of Notification: 2010

Jantar MantarJantar Mantar is a monument which is situated in Jaipur, Rajasthan. Here you can find nineteen architectural astronomical instruments which were built by the Rajput King Sawai Jai Singh-II. Apart from that, the world largest stone sundial is structured inside this monument.

Jantar Mantar is located near City Palace and Hawa Mahal in Jaipur. You can find some astronomical instruments in Jantar Manar, which are made with brass, masonry and stones. Along with that, you can also find large amount of ancient Hindu Sanskrit texts in this monument.

These nineteen astronomical instruments are measuring time, predicting eclipses and these instruments help to locate the major stars around the sun.

You can find Chakra Yantra, DakshinBhittiYantra, SiganshaYantra, DishaYantra, Dhruva Darshak Pattika, Jai PrakashYantra, KapaliYantra, KanaliYantra, LanguSamratYantra, MisraYantra, NadiValayaYantra, PalbhaYantra, Rama Yantra, Rama Yantra, RashiValayaYantra, ShastanshYantra and UnnatashYantra, VrihatSamratYantra and Yantra Raj Yantra in this monument. Jantar Mantar was added as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year of 2010.

Great Living Chola Temples, Thanjavur

  • Name of NWH Site: Great Living Chola Temples, Thanjavur
  • State: Tamil Nadu
  • Year of Notification: 1987

Great Living Chola Temples, Thanjavur

The Great Living Chola Temples were built during 11th and 12th century by Chola dynasty. These temples are situated in South India and its surrounding islands. The main three remarkable Chola temples are the Brihadisvara temple in Thanjavur, The Temple of Gangaikonda Cholapuram and The Airavatesvara Temple in Darasuram.

These three temples are known as Great Living Chola Temples in India and UNESCO added the Brihadisvara temple as World Heritage Site in 1987 and later on, they have added The Temple of Gangaikonda Cholapuram and The Airavatesvara Temple as heritage site in 2004.

These three temples located in Southern India are designed according to Dravidan styles, and these temples are mainly structured during Tamil civilization in Southern India.

These temples are designed with some stone works and you can find some carved statues, ornamental works and outstanding architectural works on these temples.

Those who want to see some historical religious places,can visit these temples and they can feel the Chola ideology by viewing the great architectural works on these temples.

Read 19 Amazing South Indian Temples That Will Blow Your Mind With Their Architectural Excellence

Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

  • Name of NWH Site: Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
  • State: Tamil Nadu
  • Year of Notification: 1984

Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

Group of monuments at Mahabalipuram are situated in Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu. This place is located near Chennai and all of these monuments are situated near the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal.

UNESCO declared this site as World Heritage Site in 1984, and here you can find various monuments built by the Pallava Dynasty. You can see Five Rathas or Five Chariots from famous Pandvas of Mahabharatain this monument complex.

Apart from that, you can also find several cave temples like, Varaha Cave temple, Krishna Cave temple, Panchapandava Cave Temple and Mahishasuramardini Cave Temples in Mahabalipuram. There is also a grand Shore Temple here.

According to the historical facts, these monuments were built by the Pallava Dynasty during 7th century and they ruled the south of Madras which is known as Chennai now.

Afterwards, Champa Empire occupied these monuments and they also built some rock-cut temples and caves in this complex. The famous Ratha Temples of this monuments complex are basically designed with carved shaped chariots and you can find several monolithic structures, and granite rocks in these temples.

During the 8th century, Pallava King Rahasimha built these caves temples with large stone boundary walls on the seashore to protect their regions from tsunamis, and he structured some major compound walls designed with some images of Shiva and Nandi.

You can find some of the tallest temples inside this monument complex, which are made with large size granite stones, and you can also find more than thousands of sculptures in this temple complex. The temples are dedicated to Lord Shiva.

Agra Fort

  • Name of NWH Site: Agra Fort
  • State: Uttar Pradesh
  • Year of Notification: 1983

Agra Fort

Agra Fort is situated in the city of Agra and it was the residence of the Mughal Dynasty. During 1638, Mughal Dynasty shifted its capital from Agra to Delhi. This is a historical fort where the emperor Humayun was crowned in 1530 and Babur stayed in this for after the First Battle of Panipat in 1526.

In 1558, Akbar shifted to the Agra and he made this fort and according to his historian Abu’l-Fazl, before Akbar arrived, this fort was known as “Badalgarh” and it was in a ruined condition.

Akbar reconstructed this fort and refurnished it with red sand stones and he imported these stones from Balauliu area in Rajasthan. In 1785, after the Third Battle of Panipat, Mahadji Shinde a Maratha occupied this fort.

So if you want to explore some Mughal architecture then you can visit this fort once in your life. UNESCO added this fort as a World Heritage Site in 1982.

Fatehpur Sikri

  • Name of NWH Site: Fatehpur Sikri
  • State: Uttar Pradesh
  • Year of Notification: 1986

Fatehpur Sikri - UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

In 1569, Mughal Emperor Akbar built his capital in Fatehpur Sikri near Agra, Uttar Pradesh. It was known as the capital of Mughal Emperor during 1571 to 1585. After his military victories in Chittor and Ranthambore, Akbar decided to shift this capital city from Agra to this new location which is located 23km away from the main city.

He planned to build a walled city and he planned this city for next fifteen years. Then he built some remarkable monuments in this city and also designed this city with all necessary and luxury facilities including royal palaces, courts, private quarters, various buildings, mosque and harem. Fatehpur Sikri hassome of the best Mughal architectures in India.

You will find the most remarkable gate named BulandDarwaza in Fatehpur Sikri. This gate was designed as victory arch, which was declared as the symbol of Akbar’s victory and his successful campaign in Gujarat.

You can find three similar arch gates in this area which are also known as horseshoe gates. Apart from that, you can find some memorable places in Fatehpur Sikri like, Jama Masjid, Tomb of SalimChishti, Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, IbadatKhana, AnupTalao, Mariam-uz-Zamani, NaubatKhana, Pachisi court, Panch Mahal and Bridal’s house in Fatehpur Sikri. UNESCO added this site as World Heritage Site in 1986.

Taj Mahal, Agra

  • Name of NWH Site: Taj Mahal, Agra
  • State: Uttar Pradesh
  • Year of Notification: 1983

Taj Mahal, Agra

The Taj Mahal – one of the Seven Wonders of the World is situated on the south bank of Yamuna River in Agra. The most beautiful building in the world – Taj Mahal is designed with marble stones from Makrana of Rajasthan. Taj Mahal was structured by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.

This is a house of tomb which means Crown of Palace. You can find three sided lush garden areas, guest rooms and a mosque inside the Taj Mahal premises. The construction of the Mahal was completed in 1643, but the external parts and other phases of this project contented another ten years and the full premises and construction was done by 1653.

Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore described the Taj Mahal as “the tear drop on the cheek of time”. UNESCOadded this site as World Heritage Site in 1983 and they have added this site as “the jewel of Muslim Art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”.

The Taj Mahal followed the earlier Mughal architecture and Persian art forms. The tomb of Taj Mahal is the main highlighted area, and the tomb was designed with marble and situated on the square plinth.

You can find four minarets inside the tomb, and the actual graves of Mumtaz and Shah Jahan were placed at the lower level of this tomb area. But for the audiences, false sarcophagi were made in the main chamber of the Taj Mahal. You can find the superior decoration and art forms at the exterior and interior level of this Mahal, and the exterior decoration was created by paint, stucco and stone carving.

Some decorative elements of this Mahal describe different chapters of Holly Qur’an and the interior chambers of the Taj Mahal designed with some precious stones with inlay work. So you can explore this wonder of the world on your next vacation.

Mountain Railways in India

  • Name of NWH Site: Mountain Railways in India
  • State: Tamil Nadu
  • Year of Notification: 1999

Mountain Railways in India

In 1999, UNESCO added three major mountain railways in India as World Heritage Sites. These three major railways are Darjeeling Himalayan Railways, Kalka Shimla Railways and Nilgiri Mountain Railways.

Darjeeling Himalayan Railways: this railway is known as “the Toy Train” and this railways was structured by British Government in 1881. Darjeeling is situated in Bengal state of India and this railway is connected between Siliguri and Darjeeling.

Darjeeling was the summer capital of British government and earlier people used to taken horse driver carts to reach Darjeeling. Afterward, the British government installed this 2 feet narrow gauge railway, which connects the Darjeeling with the nearest city Siliguri. Here you can find the world’s highest railway station named “Ghoom” before reach the district of Darjeeling.

Nilgiri Mountain Railway: this is a single track railway situated on the top of the hills and spread 46km. Earlier this railway was connected with Coonoor, but in 1908 this single railway line was extended to Fernhill and in 1908, it was again extended to Udagmandalam.

The railway is connected between Udagmandalam and Mettupalayam, which is a hill station of Nilgiri. The trains run on the Nilgiri Hills which is popularly known as Blue Mountains.

Kalka Shimla Railway: this mountain railway was initiated in 1903 and this 99.66km railway is connected between Kalka and Shimla. Shimla was known as summer capital of British people and now Shimla is the modern capital of Himachal Pradesh.

This is a hill area which is situated on the foothills of Himalayas range and British Army headquarter was situated in this location. Kalka is a popular town of Haryana and tourists can easily book this Kalka-Shimla Mail to reach Shimla directly from Haryana.

Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks

  • Name of NWH Site: Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks
  • State: Uttarakhand
  • Year of Notification: 1982,2005
  • Area (In Km2): 630.00, 87.50

Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks

Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks are located in Uttarakhand. The park was designed in the year of 1988 and it was extended in 2005. Formally the park was known as the Nanda Devi National Park, and after extension it was renamed as Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks. In the year of 1988, UNESCO added this park as World Heritage Site.

You can find some endangered animals in this park including snow leopard, musk bear, red fox, blue sheep and Asiatic black bear. You can find Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve surrounded by buffer zone in this park.

The different colorful flowers cover up the park area and turn this valley into a colorful mountain. Earlier, local people from nearest villages have visited this park area and Indian yogis used to come here for their meditation.

The nearest town of this park is Joshimath and you can easily reach this town of Garhwal by public transports, and then you have to trek 17 kms to reach the park. Some remarkable tourist destinations like Rishikesh, Haridwar and Govindghat are situated in the nearest locations of the park.

Get more details about Nanda Devi National Park here

Sundarbans National Park

  • Name of NWH Site: Sundarbans National Park
  • State: West Bengal
  • Year of Notification: 1984
  • Area (In Km2): 1,330.10

Sundarbans National Park

Sundarbans National Park is situated in Bengal state, this is a national park, tiger reserve, and a biosphere reserve forest area located between India and Bangladesh. The park is densely covered by mangrove and this park is especially reserved for Bengal tiger.

You can also find some rare variety of animals and birds in this national park including salt water crocodile. UNESCO added this park as World Heritage Site in 1987 and they have considered this park as world network of biosphere reserve.

The name of Sundarbans comes from Sundari trees and here you can find large amount of mangrove forest. Some specialized roots known as pneumatophore also exist in this forest, and you can find these large roots channels above the ground because these special roots are mainly help in gaseous exchange.

You can find various kinds birds in this forest area including, open-bill storks, black headed ibis, water hens, coots, pariah kites, marsh harriers, red jungle fowl, common mynahs, jungle babblers, cotton teals, gray herons, white bellied sea eagles, seagulls, paradise flycatchers and lots more.

Apart from that, you can also find some rare reptiles like estuarine crocodiles, monitor lizards, turtle, python, king cobra, rat snake, fog faced water snake and common krait in Sundarbans. If you like to explore some mangrove forest with water channels then you must visit Sundarbans National Park once in your life.

Western Ghats

  • Name of NWH Site: Western Ghats
  • State: Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala
  • Year of Notification: 2012
  • Area (In Km2): 1,60,000.00

Western Ghats India

Western Ghats are also known as Sahyadri. This is a mountain range that located at the western part of the India.  UNESCO added this site as World Heritage Site in 2012. The range starts from the Gujarat border and then it covers Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, and end at Kanyakumari.

You can find total thirty nine properties including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, reserve forest and dense forest areas in this heritage site.
There are several rivers, which originate from the Western Ghats including Godavari, Kaveri, Krishna, Thammiraparani and Tungabhadra.

According to historical facts, Western Ghats were covered with dense forest and native tribal people stay in these parts. During the British period, large areas of these Ghats were cultivated and during 1860 to 1950, large number of tea and coffee productions unites was established on the Western Ghats.

In 2006, India applied to the UNESCO for enlist the Western Ghats as World Heritage, and in 2012, UNESCO added some major sites in Western Ghats as World Heritage Sites.

UNESCO also added some major parts of Western Ghats as heritage sites including Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, KalakkadMundanthuray Tiger Reserve, Sheddurney Wildlife Sanctuary, Nayyar Wildlife, Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, Periyar Tiger Reserve, Srivilliputtur Wildlife, Eravikilam National Park, Grass Hill National Park, Karian Shola National Park, Sathyamangalam Wildlife, Chinnar Wildlife, Silent Valley National Park, New Amarambalam Reserved Forest, Mukurthi National Park, Pushpagiri Wildlife, Brahmagiri Wildlife, Talakaveri Wildlife, Aralam Wildlife, Kudremukh National Park, Someshwara, Kaas Plateau, Koyna Wildlife, Chanoli National Park, Radhanagari, Pambadum Shola National Park, Anamudi Shola National Park, Chillonoy Wildlife, PeechiVazhani Wildlife, Wayanad Wildlife, Mathikettan Shola National Park, Kurinjimala Sanctuary and the Karimpuzha National Park.

Hill forts of Rajasthan

  • Name of NWH Site: Hill forts of Rajasthan
  • State: Rajasthan (Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambhore, Amber Sub-Cluster, Jaisalmer, Gagron)
  • Year of Notification: 2013

Hill forts of Rajasthan - UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

Rajasthan is well known for royal heritage, forts, desserts and Haveli. UNESCO added most popular forts in Rajasthan as World Heritage Sites and they have added Chittorgarh Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort, Ranthambore Fort, Gagron Fort, Amer Fort and Jaisalmer Fort in the list.

Chittorgarh Fort: this fort is one of the largest forts in India which is situated in Chittorgarh Town, Rajasthan. The fort is situated on the Aravalli Hills near the Berach River. You can find some historical palaces, temples, two victory towers and several monuments inside the fort.

Kumbhalgarh Fort: Kumbhalgarh Fort was constructed by Mewarrulers and it is situated on the western range of Aravalli hills in Rajasthan. The fort is located near Udaipur district and during 15th century, Rana Kumbha built this fort.

This is the birthplace of Maharana Pratap and the fort was occupied by the Mewar family till 19th century. Now the fort is open for public and you can find some palaces, carved architecture, victory towers and temples inside the fort premises. The fort has huge walls known as Great Wall of India.

Ranthambore Fort: this fort is situated inside the Ranthambore National Park and it is located near Sawai Modhpur Town in Rajasthan. This national park was known as the hunting ground of Maharajas of Jaipur, and here you can find some rich artwork done by Hammir Dev of the Chauhan dynasty.

Amber Fort: Amer Fort is located near Amer District in Rajasthan and it is 11km away from Jaipur city. This fort was originally constructed by Meenas and afterward, the fort was occupied by Rajputs and ruled by some of the famous rulers like Raja Man Singh-I.

The fort was designed with red sands tones and marble. You can find some Hindu architectural styles, several palaces, courtyards and towers inside the fort. Apart from that, you can also explore Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, Sheesh Mahal and temples of this fort.

Jaisalmer Fort: this is a city fort situated in Jaisalmer Town in Rajasthan. The fort was built by the Bhati Rajputs during 1156 AD. The fort is located on the Trikuta Hills near the Thar Desert.

The fort is connected with the East and West Silk Routs, which were the main trade routes in Rajasthan and you can find massive sandstone works on this fort. This fort is also known as Sonar Quila or Golden Fort.

Gagron Fort: Gagron Fort is situated in Jhalawar District in Rajasthan and this is the only fort, which is situated on the hills facing the lake. Here you can find some Rajput architecture and this fort was served as Rajput military camp.

Read about 18 Splendid forts and palaces of Rajasthan

Rani-Ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat

  • Name of NWH Site: Rani-Ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan
  • State: Gujarat
  • Year of Notification: 2014

Rani-Ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan

Rani ki vav is situated on the banks of Saraswati River and this step well was built as a memorial site for the king Bhimdev-I. UNESCO added this site as World Heritage Site on 22nd June, 2014.

This step-well was constructed during third millennium BC and it was used as the water storage reservoir system. Rani ki vav was designed with the Maru Guujara architectural styles with crafted temples and seven levels of stairs.

You can find some oldest ancient sculptures and Rani ki vav was declared as the “Cleanest Iconic Place” in India. You can find some Hindu sculptures, pillars, carved architectures and temples inside this complex.

Rani ki vav is situated in Patan town of Gujarat.

Visit Rani ki vav along with our Favorite Gujarat Tribal Tour

The Great Himalayan National Park

  • Name of NWH Site: The Great Himalayan National Park
  • State: Himachal Pradesh
  • Year of Notification: 2014
  • Area (In Km2): 905.4

The Great Himalayan National Park

The Great Himalayan National Park is located on the largest mountain chains in India which is situated in Kullu District in the state of Himachal Pradesh.

The park was designed in 1984 and it spread more than 1171km. you can find rich variety of flora and fauna in this park including some rare mammals, birds, reptiles, annelids, mollusks and amphibians.

This park is protected under Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 and hunting is strictly prohibited in this area.

This park was added in UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 2014 and they have cited this heritage site as ‘outstanding significance of biodiversity conversation project’.

You can see some rare animals inside the park like blue sheep, snow leopard, Himalayan bear and tahr and musk deer.

Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) at Nalanda

  • Name of NWH Site: Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) at Nalanda
  • State: Bihar
  • Year of Notification: 2016

Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara - UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

Nalanda was the largest Buddhist monastery of Magadha period. The site is located in Bihar in India, and UNESCO added this site as World Heritage Site in 2016.

Earlier three large institutions were served as Vedic learning centre and Nalanda was one of them. During the Gupta Empire, Nalanda flourished and during the Pala Empire, Nalanda was declared as the best Buddhism development centre in eastern India.

Many scholars form Tibet, China, Korea and Central Asia visited this school for learning Vedic and Buddhism.

Xuanzang who is popularly known as Hiuen Tsang visited Nalanda twice and he spent two years in this monastery. Here he was renamed as Mokshadeva and he used to study under the guidance of Shilabhadra.

According to the Tibetan sources, Nalanda had some rich collections of books and Sanskrit tests and Nalanda had three large libraries named Ratnasagara, Ratnodadhi and Ratnaranjaka.

Khangchendzonga National Park

  • Name of NWH Site: Khangchendzonga National Park
  • State: Sikkim
  • Year of Notification: 2016

Khangchendzonga National Park UNESCO World Heritage Site in Natural Category

Khangchendzonga National Park, which is also known as Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve is situated in Sikkim. UNESCO added this park as World Heritage Site on 17thJuly, 2016.

This is the first mixed heritage site in India and this name Khangchendzongahas been derived from one of highest peaks of India – Kanchenjunga.

You can find some glaciers in this park like Zemu glacier and you can also find some rare animals including musk bear, Clouded leopard, Himalayan tahr and snow leopard in this park.

Those who want to trek on the Kanchenjunga, can start their trekking from West Sikkim.  You can get the permit from the Wildlife Education and Interpretation centre at Yuksom.

You can see some rare variety of birds in this park like, blood pheasant, osprey, Himalayan griffon, tragooan pheasant, Tibetan snowcock, snow pigeon, Asian emerald cuckoo and lots more.

Read more about Khangchendzonga National Park

The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

  • Name of NWH Site: The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement
  • State: Chandigarh
  • Year of Notification: 2016

The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

Charles Edouard Jeannereret who is popularly known as Le Corbusier was one the great pioneer of modern architecture. He was born on 6th October, 1887 and died on 27th August, 1965. He was the famous painter, designer, urban planner and French architect and he was built several buildings in Europe, Japan, India and north and South America.

Le Corbusier always tried to provide better living conditions with his urban planning structures and he was prepared the master plan of Chandigarh city in India.

UNESCO added seventeen projects done by Le Corbusier as World Heritage Site in 2016 and they have described these projects as “an outstanding contribution of the modern movement”.

India is a more than five thousands year old civilization and got lots of amazing heritage and treasures to amaze its visitors.

Apart from these 35 UNESCO World heritage sites in India, Govt. of India has also requested to UNESCO committee to evaluate some other prominent sites.

This provisional list includes some heritage places like temples in Bishnupur, Mandu, Ancient Buddhist sites, The Golden Temple, River Island Majuli, Wild Ass Sanctuary, Neora Valley National Park, Desert National Park, Mughal Gardens in Jammu and Kashmir, Santiniketan, The Victorian Art Decoration in Mumbai and Chilika Lake and many more.

While India has so much great things to offer, Its worth planning a India tour.  Country is vast and varied. You need to plan things in a better way and finding a good India travel company is essential.

Hidden Treasures of India is one of the Top India Tour Operator know for planning tours for off the beat destination giving you one in the lifetime opportunity to see India at its best.

We will keep working with our moto of Bringing India Closer to You.

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